For many years the variety of natural healing factors in Azerbaijan has been successfully used in treatment and prevention of many diseases. One of this factors directly attribute to the legendary naphthalan oil, possessing medical properties, have been known for over 600 years due to the high physiological activity. There is only one deposit of naphthalan oil worldwide located in the foothills of the Lesser Caucasus at a height of 450 meters above the sea, and in 45 km distance from the city of Ganja, surrounded by mountains from the east, west and south. The climate is subtropical with moderately hot, dry summers and mild winters.
The first mention of Naftalan oil was found in the works by the great Azerbaijani poet and thinker Nizami Ganjavi (1141-1201), where he writes about his observations of how the magical oil used to be exported by caravans from the village of Safi-Kurd, located near the present city of Naftalan.
The naftalan oil, according to the biogenic theory, a dominant part of the theory of its origin, was forming in the depths of the earth within over 50 million year period.
In history it is mentioned that the first settlers in Naftalan appeared around the 12th century. And as they say, even the famous Italian traveler Marco Polo repeatedly noted the high quality of the oil produced here, which was known not only in this territory, but also in India and China, and also traded it throughout the Middle East.
Modern use of oil began in the 1870s. A specialized resort in the oilfield zone began operating in 1926, and in 1967 the town of Naftalan was given the status of a city. And only in the XXI century the authorities of the city had an idea of attracting tourists to Naftalan. Received "short-lived popularity in Soviet times," oil baths "decided to revive, and as it turned out - not unsuccessfully. Currently, the city has a lot of sanatoriums, health resorts and hotels built in 2010, and the main focus of the resort is still skin diseases, rheumatism and arthritis. By the way, naphthalan oil is not black, but brown, but it does not bother the patients, the main thing is to treat
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